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Posted On: October 14, 2017

Climate Change

The growth in global Industrialization during the last century is now showing its effects in form of climate change.

Hurricane Sandy cost the US equivalent to 0.5% of its GDP.

Recent cloud burst at Uttrakhand (India) and Typhoon Haiyan that hit Philippines in the year 2013 have exposed the developing/poor countries to this climate change.

China, the world’s factory, has polluted its air to such level that there are reports of citizen suing the government over the severity of the fouled air.

 

climate change

Carbon Emissions

Report on Climate Change

According to a draft UN report (Dt. 2nd Nov.2014): Climate change may have “Serious, Pervasive and Irreversible impacts” on human society and nature.

The ill effects of climate change resulting from human action are increasingly evident and failure to check this by allowing the continued rise in emission of Green House Gases (GHG) will have disastrous consequences and results in more powerful storms, heat waves, worsening draught, floodsand rising seas. Sea Level rise due to melting of glaciers & increased oceanic uptake of carbon dioxide which resulted in a 26% rise in acidity in oceans. It adversely affects the public health and grain production.

Air pollution seems to have a direct, negative impact on grain production in India and it is 50% lower what they could have been in 2010. Upto 90% of the decrease in potential food production seems linked to smog, made up of black carbon and other pollutants and the remaining 10% linked to global warming.

World has to act fast if ill effects of climate change is to be avoided.

The window of opportunity for the world to stave off the severe, pervasive and irreversible impacts of global warming is limited.

As per the latest report (2nd Nov. 2014) of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) states that the levels of three key green house gases (i.e. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and nitrous oxide) are the highest in 8,00,000 years and that the period between 1983 and 2012 were most likely to be the warmest 30 year period in the last 1,400 years.

As per the latest report (2nd Nov. 2014) of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) states that the levels of three key green house gases (i.e. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and nitrous oxide) are the highest in 8,00,000 years and that the period between 1983 and 2012 were most likely to be the warmest 30 year period in the last 1,400 years.

No doubt that the cost of action for ensuring & limiting the ill effects of climate change is highly capital intensive in the initially stages but cost of inaction is much higher than the cost of action.

India is now the 3rd largest source of emissions in the world & 2nd largest populated country in the world, therefore:

Their poorest citizens will be among the most vulnerable to climate change;

It cannot sustain the higher living standards for 2.6 billion people in the long run with the same patterns of energy need.

China (29%), US (15%) and India (6%) account for about half of the world GHG emission.

Solutions to tackle this Climate Change:

There are about 6 million individual and cooperative energy producers in Germany, who are guaranteed a return on their investments for a period of 20 years through a “feed in” tariff mechanism and whose electricity output is guaranteed to be purchased and put into the grid at any time of the day.

Need of the hour is to tackle this Climate Change through a combination of adaptation and mitigation.

Shift from Fossil Fuel to Renewable Energy.

Burning of less coal, conservation of electricity, driving better cars.

Actions taken by India:

Carbon Trading system called PAT (Perform, achieve and trade) for enforcing energy efficiency standards (and thereby emission levels also) in energy-intensive industries covering 478 designated companies will take effect from 1.4.2015.

Mandatory fuel efficiency standards for passenger cars to become effective from 1st April 2016.

Set a target of achieve the 1,00,000 MW solar power capacities in the next 5 years.

Host international investor meet in Feb. 2015.

Enacting a Renewable Energy Act.

MNRE rolled out a scheme for setting up of 25 solar parks each with a capacity of 500-1,000 MW each and put up in the next 5 years and offered to domestic and global players.

Setting up of Ultra mega solar parks.

Setting up of Green Energy Corridor for transmission of RE under the National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF).

Present Data of India & other countries

India:  2,750 MW Current installed solar power capacity (13% of total Energy Requirement)

Germany: 37,000 MW (30% of energy requirement fulfils through Solar & Wind Energy)

China: 24% of total energy requirement is fulfilled through Solar Energy

India’s investment in RE sector is only US$ 6 Billion (Rs. 37,410 Crore) as against China’s US$ 60 Billion per year.

Manmade CO2 emissions must be cut by 7% a year to stop the earth’s temperature rising by over 20C. If emissions continue at current rates, we will reach that tipping point within 30 years and global warming will become unstoppable (Source: Global Carbon Project)

The Top CO2 emission countries in 2013 are as follows:

[vc_table vc_table_theme=”classic_blue”]Countries,CO2%20Emission%20in%20Billion%20Tonnes,Annual%20%25%20Change|China,9.977,%2B%204.2%25|USA,5.233,%2B%202.9%25|India,2.407,%2B%205.1%25|EU%20(Including%2028%20member%20countries),3.483,-%201.8%25|Russia,1.812,|Japan,1.246,|Other%20Countries,11.842,%2B%202.3%25%20in%202013|OVERALL%20CARBON%20EMISSIONS%20IN%202013,36.000,[/vc_table]

(Source:Global Carbon Project)

Ozone levels shot up in Delhi due to increased emission by vehicles and causes severe health issues to asthmatic people:

[vc_table vc_table_theme=”classic_pink”]Areas,%25%20increase%20in%20Ozone%20level%20builds%20up%20from%20the%20combination%20of%20nitrous%20oxides%20and%20other%20toxic%2C%20volatile%20gases%20|Mandir%20Marg,315%25|Punjabi%20Bagh,171%25|Civil%20Lines,87%25|IGI%20Airport,82%25[/vc_table]

[Source: Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) dt. 9.6.2014]

Delhis’s skies being the most polluted in the world. (Source: WHO-May 2014).

Warning:

To keep a good chance of staying below 20C and at manageable costs, our emissions should drop by 40 to 70% globally between 2010 and 2050.

Earth is now at a trajectory for at least 40C warming by 2100 over pre-industrial times, which is a recipe for worsening drought, flood and rising seas.

Delhities will realise that they are foolishly condemning their own children to destruction by emulating unsustainable models of development. Individuals voluntarily have to take care of their environment and Environment laws alone cannot and will not change things.

One thought on “Climate Change

  1. insulationreviewed

    Thank you for the wonderful article. I have shared it on my twitter page.

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